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Phlebotomy 101 - Intro to Phlebotomy Basics (CPT)

Phlebotomy technicians are allied health professionals responsible for obtaining patient specimens. They can perform various functions such as venipuncture, capillary puncture, micro-collection, and other specimen processing and handling while maintaining patient safety and confidentiality.

General Course Information

As a CPT you will provide hands-on, direct patient care when performing blood draws. Phlebotomy technicians also perform administrative duties such as labeling specimens, preparing them for further medical testing, and maintaining patient data. Draw blood from patients and blood donors

  • Greet customers, receive written orders from physicians, verifying the identity of the patient, and confirming that medical records are correct
  • Evaluate patients’ ability to withstand the procedure
  • Explain blood-drawing procedure to patients and answer questions
  • Perform basic point of care testing, such as blood glucose levels
  • Prepare blood, urine and other specimens for testing
  • Verify patient/donor identity
  • Maintain medical equipment such as needles, test tubes, and blood vials.
  • Disinfect areas for blood collection and treating collection areas after the procedure is performed


  • Strong Technical Aptitude and Attention to Detail
    • Strict protocols must be followed when drawing blood samples. Misidentification or contamination of a specimen can have serious consequences because medical professionals rely on blood test results to diagnose patients and monitor treatment progress.
  • Organizational Skills and Preparation
    • There are numerous collection devices and equipment. Additionally, each blood collection has a specific purpose. Organization is important to eliminate the possibility of collection error.
  • Good Dexterity and Motor Skills
    • Phlebotomists need fine motor skills to properly insert a needle into a vein that might be difficult to find and puncture.
  • Effective Communication Skills
    • Blood draws are performed on patients of all ages and some may be afraid of needles. The phlebotomist can help reduce patients’ anxiety and keep them calm by explaining what will happen when collecting a sample.
  • Applicant must have completed a minimum of 50 successful venipunctures and 10 successful capillary punctures from human sources
  • Skills performance can be a combination of classroom skills practice or performance in a clinical setting
  • Final skills assessments will be performed with an approved proctor to ensure all tasks are done in accordance to national certification requirements
  • Applicant applying under Routes 1 and 2 shall take and pass the appropriate AMT certification examination.

Qualified applicants are considered for certification without regard to race, color, religion, gender, national origin, age, marital status, sexual orientation, medical condition, or disability.

  • This Course is developed to provide the necessary training and skills to take the National Competency Exam
  • This phlebotomy course is designed to give basic information to perform the job necessary to obtain patient specimens
  • The course will provide lecture information and skills performance, to include venipuncture and capillary punctures
  • A separate national exam (NCPT) must be scheduled upon completion and a computer-based test successfully passed
  • Our staff can assist in scheduling and proctoring your exam

Course Prerequisites

  • You must be a United States high school graduate or hold equivalent credentials (e.g., GED).
  • Reading and comprehension at a 9th-grade level, or equivalent.
    Physical and mental ability to perform the skills, tasks, and administrative requirements necessary for the job
  • Basic medical terminology, anatomy, and physiology as necessary to the collection process
  • Level 1 Fingerprint clearance card/background check.
  • AHA BLS CPR/AED certification. If not current or soon to expire, classes will be be available to take through MSTI

Course Completion Requirements

  • Applicant must have completed a minimum of 30-50 successful venipunctures and 10 successful capillary punctures from human sources
  • Complete all required skills competencies
  • The applicant applying under Routes 1 and 2 shall take and pass the appropriate AMT certification examination

Taking the National Exam

The National Center for Competency Testing (NCCT) is the certifying testing authority to obtain your National CPT certification. Upon successful completion of all course requirement, the student must be scheduled to take the computer-based exam. This often takes 14 or more days. More information can be found on the Testing Site shown below.

Phlebotomy Training and Future

The video above will hopefully provide you with a short insight into your future as a Certified Phlebotomist. This is a great introduction to the allied health fields and a medical career.

Intro to Phlebotomy

Phlebotomy 101
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